Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various related varieties of apparel originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by both equally sexes.[three] More usually, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known pidzame as night fits.

Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major over shorts or short pants.[18]

Pajamas may these days pidzame make reference to Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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